Pain Coping Inventory (PCI) Flow

Pain Coping Inventory flow


The Pain Coping Inventory (PCI), designed by Kraaimaat and Evers [1], measures cognitive and behavioural pain-coping strategies.

The Pain Coping Inventory flow contains the Pain Coping Inventory (PCI) questionnaire and associated calculation. After form submission, the Pain Coping Inventory calculation is executed automatically. It's easy to extend this flow with conditional logic based on the interpretation of the Pain Coping Inventory calculation.

Pain Coping Inventory (PCI) questionnaire

Questions and Scoring

The questionnaire can be found under the following link:

The PCI contains 33 questions, which can be pooled into 6 domains of cognitive and behavioural strategies for dealing with chronic pain: pain transformation, distraction, reducing demands, retreating, worrying, and resting. These domains can be grouped into active (transformation, distraction, reducing demands) and passive (retreating, worrying, resting) pain-coping dimensions.

  • Factor 1: Pain Transformation - Questions 15,16,18,30
  • Factor 2: Distraction - 9,19,20,21,22
  • Factor 3: Reducing Demands - 2,3,4
  • Factor 4: Retreating - 10,11,12,13,14,32,33
  • Factor 5: Worrying - 17,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,31
  • Factor 6: Resting - 1,5,6,7,8

The questions are rated according to a 4-point Likert scale ranging from 1 (hardly ever) to 4 (very often) in terms of the frequency with which strategies are applied when dealing with pain. Passive pain-coping reflects three cognitive-behavioural strategies, assessing behavioural tendencies to restrict functioning (resting, five items), to avoid environmental stimuli (retreating, seven items) and catastrophic cognitions about the pain (worrying, nine items).

The first 3 domains (Pain Transformation, Distraction, Reducing Demands) of the PCI define active coping strategies, whereas the last 3 domains (Retreating, Worrying, Resting) define passive strategies.


[1] Kraaimaat FW, Evers AW. Pain-coping strategies in chronic pain patients: psychometric characteristics of the pain-coping inventory (PCI). Int J Behav Med. 2003;10(4):343-363. doi:10.1207/s15327558ijbm1004_5

Get started with Awell

Ready to use this care flow in your organization?

Build websites rapidly with over 100 interface blocks.